Life was the

Life was the second son of Ann and Golding Constable. Golding was a wealthy miller and a very important member in your community. John attended some classes, but was basically self-taught. The education of his older brother because he had some mental deficiency, focused on following in the footsteps of his father, and by finishing school he began working in the family business, which eventually would take the little brother. In 1795, John Constable came to London to work as a topographic draftsman. In 1797 the family befriends Fisheren, in whose house in Salisbury will be on several occasions. Fisheren The elder, bishop of Salisbury, eventually charge you a view of Salisbury Cathedral. In 1799, prompted by his first patron, the Duke of Dysart, persuades her father to allow her to study at the Royal Academy in London. Among the authors who inspired him during this early period are Thomas Gainsborough, Joshua Reynolds, Claude Lorrain, Peter Paul Rubens, Annibale Carracci and Jacob van Ruisdael.In 1802, exhibited for the first time in the Royal Academy. Since then expose regularly progressing rather slowly. The Hay Wain Weymouth Bay in the same year of his first exhibition at the Royal Academy, refused to be a teacher of drawing at the Military College at Marlow, as he had decided to become a professional landscape painter. In these early years, special focus on working with watercolor, chalk and pencil, with particular emphasis on drawing, translating paths, huts and bridges in the vicinity of their environment. Gradually, its picturesque view of nature giving way to a more naturalistic painting that moves away from stereotypes. By then it was the practice of painting outdoors. While his father kept him to get some money was devoted to portraiture, copying of classical and religious paintings. In 1806 he was in the Lake District, which led to a series of watercolors in the style of Thomas Girtin. He met the poet Wordsworth.It is considered as one of the first to paint landscapes outdoors and decided to start doing so in 1810. In 1819 he traveled to Venice and Rome, cities that known classical landscapes of Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin recreations. In that same year became an associate member of the Royal Academy. From this time attended Hampstead, where in the years 1821 and 1822, made a series of cloud studies by noting the exact time and date of completion and, often, even the weather. Fell in love with Maria Bicknell, a local girl with whom he could marry in 1816 after five years of opposition from her father. They had seven children. It was an exceptionally happy marriage, obscured only by the precarious health of women. In an attempt to improve it, came to Brighton in 1824. There Constable studied atmospheric changes, what he called “chiaroscuro of nature”, ie, the gradation of shades of natural light.Between 1816 and 1825 produced great masterpieces, Weymouth Bay, The opening of the Waterloo Bridge, White Horse, Salisbury Cathedral and The Hay Wain. The latter work won the gold medal at the Salon of 1824 in Paris. Criticism welcomed him favorably, seeing it as an example of leadership in the naturalistic depiction of landscape. From that moment, was a great promoter of the art of splitting the strokes to express the variations of light. Significantly influenced Delacroix, Gericault and the painters of the Barbizon School, a key to the future birth of Impressionism. The artist, set late in his own country, was finally elected in 1829 Member of the Royal Academy. However, this is the same year in which his wife Maria died of tuberculosis, which plunged him into depression Constable never recover from this calamity.In 1833 he began teaching at the Royal Academy some classes on the history of the landscape that reveal a deep understanding of the work of his predecessors. He died at the age of 62.