In conclusion, the first ten years of 21 century development in nanotechnology are increasingly entering a stage of substantial applications – from scientific publications to use heavy and light industries and in oil and gas industry. The range of development is great – from liquid biofuels to solar panels. Western oil companies are spending millions to find new opportunities for the development of raw materials has already spent on research ways to get more oil from the available fields.
Latest mining techniques can extract about one-third of the total land is under ‘black gold’. Even slight relative increase in the number of extracted oil discoveries – if companies can make at least 50% yield of hydrocarbons instead of 35% – double the global reserves of fossil fuels, estimated at 1 and 2 trillion barrels. Researchers to focus, that to achieve the 50% mark will take at least several decades, but even a small increase could put at the heart of the oil resources. Saler Nansen (Nansen Saleri), head of the raw material bases of the national company Saudi Arabia’s is sure that the increase in volume produced by the resource, even 10-15% will give 50-year prolongation meet global needs for oil at current levels of needs. But the increasing demand for crude oil leads to an even greater increase in production. Losses due to transportation, obsolescence of materials used in the manufacture of pipelines and pipeline components, and low quality metals used in manufacture of flanges and flanged connections (basic fittings oil PIPELINES). In Russia, has long and successfully searched for methods of application and implementation of nano-technology. In June 2007 the Institute study was completed and carried out a series of experiments on nanostructured materials, the technology of alloying of cast metals and alloys, the use of this method for powder industry (the results can be found in the report of the Institute, published in book form “Nanotechnology in the industry”). Our international partners also seek to minimize losses during the transportation of crude oil and petroleum products.
One of the world’s leading companies in the development and implementation of nanotechnology Industrial Nanotech, announced the finalization of the methodology to be used on oil pipelines Brazilian oil and gas giant Petrobras processing pipeline coating called Nansulate Shield. Nansulate Shield – a thermal insulation, corrosion and protivoplesnevoe coverage of the latest generation based on nanoparticles. Coating applied to protect surfaces product lines as well as details of the pipeline fasteners (tees, caps, flanges, flanges, transitions), all sorts of structures, devices and vehicles, exposed to corrosive environments. Corporation plans that cover the pilot Industrial Nanotech will raise the interest of other oil companies, and can even become an industry standard. The big question now is the use of nanomachines in accordance with task. Exploration of hydrocarbon resources – only a part of the problem, also requires more advanced technology of extraction and transportation. Since about four-fifths of world oil supplies are controlled by companies public administration is necessary consent of the countries to pump more fossil resources, governments agreed on the introduction of nanotechnology in the extraction and transport of gas and oil. Overcoming bureaucracy on the part of officials, professional skepticism “old school” who have always resisted innovations. In the Russian strategy for the development of nanotechnology, methods of their implementation has state status and is controlled at the level of the Russian president, founded the State Corporation Rusnano.