Categories
General

Teaching Geography

The current boardings of the geographic knowledge, in Brazil, result of some chains of thought, since those influenced> for the woollen school of Vidal Blahe until the contemporaries. The formation of a Geography with scientific character in the country, was accomplished from 1930, when being bred the first facultieses of Philosophy, the National Advice of Geography and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Estatstica (IBGE) In the specific case of disciplines geography, is perceived that the same one has been, in a first analysis, mainly on the part of the pupils of basic and average education, sight as one disciplines useless and decorative. In accordance with PEAR TREE, Without intending that academic formation of the professors is perfect, recognizes, however, that it less leaves to desire that didactic and pedagogical the formation. Add to your understanding with Pete Cashmore. The disequilibrium is bigger in secondary education and is optimized in superior education, since one has left of the university professors assumes this role without no didactic formation (1999: 03). Already it makes some time that education of Geography comes being placed in question rethink in Brazil. It was felt necessity of changes, therefore the Geography that was applied in the country, descriptive, directed to decorate content, therefore called traditional Geography, in this practical, none did not have concern how much what it constitutes Geography as science, therefore has almost an absence of on subjects to the daily one and the subjects economic politicians and, Limit the idea of pedagogical to the education techniques and not as practical ampler ethical and collective professional. Ian Cole may find it difficult to be quoted properly. For Bazzo, (…) when dealing with problems and questions happened of one practical social one – the education, pertaining to school or not, the Pedagogia becomes involved in questions of axiolgica order and politics.

Categories
General

Systematic Cartography

This present work has intention to show as the technology of the information can facilitate in education learning of Geography, over all, in the education of the Cartography. The TIC will be related as didactic resource in the education of Geography and mainly as to be used in professor for the professor practises. Thus being, the TIC can favor in this process facilitating in the reading and interpretation of the map which is the focus of this work. The production of this article left of readings and quarrels carried through in them you discipline of New Technologies and Systematic Cartography, of 4 semester of the UNEB, Campus XI, where one was made raises of the bibliographical references, searching to understand the importance of the thematic one, based on the authors: Passini (1998), Branches (2005), Simielli (1986), Fernand (1990) and Miranda (2007). The technology of the Information is not something new or only trend of the globalizada society where we live. One perceives that it is so constant and necessary for the communication of a form ampler transformation, therefore it characterizes itself for being a term that: TIC mentions the conjunction of the computational technology or computer science to it with the technology of the telecommunications and has in the Internet and more particularly in the Worl Wide Web (WWW) its stronger expression. When these technologies are used for educative ends, nominated to support and to improve learning of the pupils and to develop learning environments we can consider the TIC as a subdomnio of the educative Technology (MIRANDA, 2007 p.43). This resource comes> to facilitate in practises daily of the professor, therefore they constitute a communication language, an essential instrument that it represents a support of the human development in different playful, civic, professional and also personal dimensions are they of order social. The technologies represent one leaven versatile thus being able to be useful in the education process learning.

Categories
General

Traditional Geography

For it could not exist bond between the geographic thought and the defense of interests politicians. In its studies he concluded that the way exerted influences on the man and that the man also could exert it influences on the way from techniques and capital for this, with this idea appears the Possibilismo, characteristic of this School. It did not leave of side that Geography was a science of the places and not of the men. It always valued the works of field and the development of the regional studies, considering the Region as the support that the man uses to survive and to organize itself in the terrestrial space. Woollen Paul Vidal Blache standed out the importance of the method as defining factor of geography. It also recognized the importance of the generalization, the laws and the explanation. After World War II, the descriptive monographs in geography (inherited of the woollen thought Blache) were not enougher, appeared the Rationalism, that repudiated all Metaphysical type, as the subjetivismo, the will and the intuition of the spirit, privileging more the deductive reasoning. Two authors if had detached at this time, Alfred Hettner (German) and Richard Hartshorne (North American).

Hettner was one of the great gegrafos German, had a great concern that was come back toward the nature of the geographic knowledge, for it the Geography was a science of the space that analyzes the causes of the differentiations of the portions of the surface of the Land, being, at the same time a natural science and human being and always had a concern of ecological character, analyzing the action of the man on the nature. Hettner considers Geography approaching a rational search of the third way for the geographic analysis, that was not the determinismo and the geographic possibilismo. With these same concepts of hittner, Hartshorne introduces this thought in the United States, developed good more of what of a its predecessor, thus obtaining joint between Regional Geography and General Geography. In Geography Regional or Idiogrfica its thought was of that the more deep the analysis, greater the local knowledge of reality. The phenomena vary of place the place and its Inter-relations also vary. The elements possess internal and external relations to area.

In Geography Geral or Nomottica its thought was of that how much bigger the simplicity of the related phenomena, bigger the generalization possibility. Nomottica Geography opened new sources in perspective the Geographic study speeding the regional study and creating of planning and disgnostic. Hatshorne uses the concept of Kant, that is, for it the space in itself does not exist, what it exists are the phenomena that if materialize in this referencial. Here, space and time are rejected. The author, although not to breach with the traditional thought, already represented a transistion paper. Traditional Geography left an elaborated science and systemize knowledge. It left beddings, with a delimited field, articulating one disciplines autonomous worker. It left a rich Empirical quantity and critical techniques that make possible an advance in the elaboration of concepts and that had stimulated the transistion between Traditional Geography and its renewal.