Golden Age of Hollywood During the so-called Golden Age of Hollywood, or the classic Hollywood narrative, are the terms used in the history of cinema, which designates both a visual style and sound for films and a production mode used in the American film industry between 1910 and 1960 approximately. Classic style, is fundamentally based on the principle of continuity or the release of “invisible” style. That is, the camera and sound recording should not call attention to themselves. At that time the films in the Hollywood studios were shot in a manner similar to that used to assemble cars on the assembly lines of Henry Ford.No two films are exactly alike, but most were a genre: Western, comedy, black cinema, music, animation, biography, etc, and the same creative teams often worked in the films produced by the same studio – for example, Cedric Gibbons and Herbert Stothart always worked on MGM films, Alfred Newman worked at Twentieth Century Fox for twenty years, almost all films of Cecil B. De Mille was produced by Paramount, the films of director Henry King were mostly shot to Twentieth-Century Fox, etc.. You could get to guess what each movie studio had produced only by the actors who appeared in it, each studio had its own style and characteristic touches which made it possible to find out – a quality that does not exist today. Yet each movie was slightly different, and in contrast to car manufacturers, most people involved in the shooting were artists.For example, To Have and Have Not (1944) is famous not only for its pair of actors Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957) and Lauren Bacall (1924 -) but also for having been written by two future winners of the Nobel Prize in Literature: Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), author of the novel on which the film was based, and William Faulkner (1897-1962), who worked on the big screen adaptation. But making movies was still a business and made money producing operating under the so-called studio system. The main studies were thousands of people on the payroll, actors, producers, directors, writers, specialists, mechanics and technicians. They also owned hundreds of theaters in cities and towns all over the country, theaters and projected his films always need fresh material. Many historians emphasize the many good films that emerged in this period of tight control for filming.Other titles coming out of the Golden Age that are considered classics today we are: Casablanca, What a Wonderful Life, the original version of King Kong, and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
Transition to democracy Main article: Transition to democracy Patricio Aylwin received command of the hands of Augusto Pinochet, 11 March 1990 in the new Congress located in the city of Valparaiso, beginning the process of transition to democracy. Early in his administration, Patricio Aylwin had to work on a system that kept many vestiges of entrenched military regime. Although the coalition won the majority of the votes in parliamentary elections, due to the binomial system and the existence of appointed senators, could not be expected to make amendments to the Constitution and the local administration of the communes still in the hands of appointed ombudsmen by the military government, which would be replaced after the elections of June 1992. Patricio Aylwin. Aylwin ruled cautiously, taking care of relations with the army, where even Pinochet remained as commander in chief.The army, although he had ceased to participate in the government, remained a major political player and expressed their opposition to certain government measures concertacionista through tactical moves as the “Year of Link” and “Boinazo” in 1991 and 1992 , respectively. In this context, formed the National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate and clarify the situations of human rights violations during the years of military regime. Directed by Raul Rettig, the Commission faced the rejection of the military authorities. However, the commission report was released via television by President Aylwin, on March 4, 1991, after nine months of work. In his speech, Aylwin announced the results of the study, apologized to the families of the victims on behalf of the Nation, announced measures for moral and material compensation for these and the desire of the State to prevent and to prevent further violations of rights human.During his tenure, Aylwin proposed creating modifications to the tax rules to increase fiscal spending and improving income distribution, at a time when Chile’s economy continued to thrive due to increased exports of copper and agricultural products. Also during his tenure, poverty declined from a 38.75 to about 27.5 and enacted the Indigenous Law (Law No. 19,253 of October 5, 1993), which first recognized indigenous peoples and creating the National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI), which is responsible for promoting policies that foster the integral development of indigenous peoples.Similarly, the Office of National Planning and Cooperation (ODEPLAN) is transformed into the Ministry of Planning and Cooperation (MIDEPLAN) and creates the Fund for Solidarity and Social Investment (FOSIS) to promote social policies and the enactment of Law on General of the Environment (Law No. 19 300 of January 9, 1994), which sought to structure a framework for environmental management, establishing the National Commission for the Environment (CONAMA), to promote sustainable development and coordinate the actions arising of environmental policies and strategies of the government. Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle. In 1993, new presidential elections were held and renewed the House of Representatives and half the Senate. Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, son and namesake of the representative Democrat, won 58.01 of the votes, the largest vote in free elections republican history.The second, Arturo Alessandri, the candidate of the Union for Progress (RN and UDI), won only 24.3 of the vote. Frei, who took office March 11, 1994, recommended the country’s relations with the outside after a certain isolation that was during the military regime. The economy expanded further and the growth averaged 8 annually during the first three years of government, allowing the initiation of negotiations with Canada, Mexico and the United States for integration into NAFTA and the associate membership of Mercosur. Chile also entered the Rio Group and over the past decade failed to solve the border disputes with Argentina (Laguna del Desierto y Campos de Hielo Sur). In addition, the first steps to initiate a free trade agreement and association with the European Union and in 1994, Chile became a member of APEC, opening its economy to the Asia-Pacific basin, especially Japan and China.Poverty, meanwhile, continued its downward pace, and in 1998 came to 21.7 of the population. Meanwhile, various public works were built throughout the territory and started the bidding system that allowed the construction of the first-class highways in the country. Modern buildings in Santiago. However, midway through his term, the Asian financial crisis begins to affect a large extent to the strong Chilean economy.
According to the most accepted theory, the Guanches were a Berber people who traveled to the islands with their herds and crops, barley being the most important. Gofio, flour obtained from the roasted barley was their main food. This product has been maintained in the Canarian cuisine as a key element of it, preparing in many ways, and made from different types of grains, like wheat or millet (maize). Traditionally, gofio is carried in a bag and mixed with water until a dough kneading known as gofio kneading. Aborigines were canaries in meat products therefore important part of their diet, primarily from the herds of goats and sheep and pigs. Also consume milk and butter. Their diet was supplemented with harvested products, such as dates and certain types of figs, and shellfish collected along the coasts of the islands.It is known that the Romans came to the coasts of Canary maintain sporadic contact with the indigenous population, allowing the arrival of products from other areas such as figs and olives. After the Castilian conquest of the fifteenth century, the islands became a compulsory stop for travel to America, provoking a massive influx of traders from both sides of the Atlantic that brought their culinary customs. These include contributions from the cuisines of the Iberian Peninsula and the importance of the islands claimed recipes made from products brought from America, such as potato or corn (called Canary million, influenced by the Portuguese) . The history of the Canaries in modern and contemporary era has been marked by the succession of different crops for export, which has been basing the economy of the islands. All these productions have left their mark on the culinary island.Is the case of cultivation of sugar cane (which is made with rum or recipes as bienmesabe and rapaduras) cultivation of the vine or banana.
The State’s contribution to the economic support of the Catholic Church has different explanations according to the history and culture of each country and each case has a different scope. In Germany, church-state relationship is greater by the predominance of the Christian Democratic Union for many years. For Catholics who declare them as such tax levied in the form of donations (the Evangelical Church as well.) To avoid this, many Germans have expressly left the Church, because those who profess no religion does not contribute.In Argentina, the bishops ordained before 1994 have received a salary and then retirement, assigned and paid directly by the Argentine government, equivalent to a trial judge (about 1300 euros per month). Citation needed In Chile, besides alms and collections in every local or national church, the faithful and anyone in general are able to voluntarily donate to the Catholic Church 1 of your monthly income by joining the parish concerned. In Spain, the State contributions to the Catholic Church, established by law, are intended for purposes such as preservation of historical and artistic heritage, a concerted education and social projects promoted by the Catholic Church, and their costs purely religious. In addition to direct donations of the faithful, the contribution to the Catholic Church is done through a voluntary placement on the tax return of 0.7 .This represents a turnover of 170 million euros annually. This allocation is not strictly an additional tax because the believer is not supposed to pay more taxes but only the right to decide whether the money should go to church or social purposes. Finally, the financing of the Church is completed by a direct state contribution reports that approximately 25 of their income. In Mexico, the Catholic Church is totally separate from the state and receives no input whatsoever on the part of it. Previously, the church received substantial income during the colonial era, due to their large estates and the money they gave the faithful tithe was paid compulsorily, in addition to making loans and charging interest. This continued after independence until the late nineteenth century President Benito Juarez declared the Reform Laws.With this, the government paid off the church property and legally separated the Catholic Church of the State, introduced a civil registry and liturgies and sacraments of the church came to have no legal value. Today the church holds only with the voluntary alms of the faithful. Buildings and places like temples, churches, cathedrals, monasteries, convents and basilicas, notably the expropriated by Benito Ju rez and Calles are the patrimony of the nation and are charged on a loan to religious associations. Most of these buildings date from the colonial era and are of great historical and artistic value. Because they are owned by the state, the church does not have permission to make changes to these buildings, and any change is subject to consideration by the National Institute of Anthropology and History. For its part, the bishops have no retirement by the State and the priests, although they are recognized as Mexican citizens, they have no say in the decisions of the state.
History of nutrition since the emergence of man on earth, the type of food that he has had to eat for sustenance, has varied over time, because he was forced to adapt to those closest to him had was easier to get with the few tools we had. As an example, please cite the studies on the remains of the oldest human found to date (we refer to the man of Atapuerca, Burgos). It has come to the conclusion that it was a scavenger and practiced cannibalism, and will play their “treats” with other animals with the same nutritional characteristics. In his walk in search of food, he would find new guys who are forced to adapt. The availability of large game was declining and had to feed on small game, shellfish (in some areas) and especially edible plants. This adaptive phase began about 100,000 years ago.The report cites, the last to suffer these restrictions, about 30,000 years ago, were the inhabitants of some very specific areas (two areas of the Middle East). However, in the Iberian peninsula less than 20,000 years ago (Freeman, 1981) meat still accounted for over 50 of the diet. 12,000 years ago (Cavalli-Sforza, 1981 Trowell, 1981) starts the first agricultural revolution. This meant a steady source of protein. We must take into account the great variability in the figures in the crops, which leads to irregular eating and famines. The end result of the collections it was very affected by the weather, against which was very difficult to fight. The storage of surplus in good years of production, it was not the most effective. Which caused an irregular supply. Slowly the type of support was varied until today, where the knowledge of the subject is greater. But the issue is not closed yet.Continue studies for better understanding and to provide appropriate solutions. Humans have evolved as omnivorous hunter – gatherers over the past 250,000 years. The early modern human diet varied significantly depending on location and climate. The diet in the tropics tend to be based mainly on plant foods, while the diet at higher latitudes tended more towards animal products. The analysis of cranial and post cranial remains of humans and animals in the Neolithic, with detailed studies have shown that modified bone cannibalism was also present among prehistoric humans . Agriculture developed about 10,000 years ago in multiple locations throughout the world, providing grains such as wheat, corn rice and staple foods such as bread and pasta. Farming also provided milk and milk products, and increased markedly the availability of meat and plant diversity.The importance of the purity of food was recognized when bulk storage led to demonstrations and pollution risks. Cooking is often developed as a ritualistic activity, due to the concern for efficiency and reliability, requiring adherence to strict recipes and procedures, and in response to the demand for purity and consistency in the food . From ancient times until 1900 The first experiment is a registered nutritional found in the Bible in the book of Daniel. Daniel and his friends were captured by the king of Babylon during the invasion of Israel. Selected as court servants, they would participate in the fine food and wine of the king. However, they objected preferring vegetables (pulses) and water in accordance with Jewish dietary restrictions. The administrator of the king reluctantly agreed to a study. Daniel and his friends received their diet for 10 days and were then compared with the King’s Men. Looking healthier were allowed to continue with your diet. 475 BCBC: Anaxagoras states that food is absorbed by the human body and therefore contains “homeomerics” (generative components), thereby deducing the existence of nutrients. 400 a. BC: Hippocrates said, “Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food.” 1500: the scientist and artist Leonardo da Vinci compared metabolism to a burning candle. 1747: Dr. James Lind, a British naval doctor conducted the first scientific nutrition experiment, discovering that lime juice saved from scurvy (a deadly and painful bleeding disorder) to the sailors who were at sea for years. The discovery was ignored for 40 years, after which British sailors became known as “lime trees.”
Cast The actresses Zoe Saldana (above) and Michelle Rodriguez (below), who play the Na’vi Neytiri and human pilot Trudy Chacon, respectively. Sam Worthington plays the film’s protagonist, Jake Sully, a paraplegic Marine becomes part of the Avatar project occupying the position as a scientist, exerted his recently deceased twin brother. After watching numerous candidates for the role in the United States, Margery Simkin, casting director of the film, James Cameron suggested that expanded the search to other English speaking countries like the United Kingdom, Ireland and Australia, was then Simkin when contacted with Christine King, a casting director in Australia with whom he had worked in the past, and asked him to select several candidates for the role.Among them was Sam Worthington, who despite being skeptical at first because of the secrecy surrounding the project and few details about the character of Jake, made a couple of tests before the cameras and eventually was chosen by some actors that the study had advocated for the role. Actor Stephen Lang, Colonel Quaritch interpreter in the International Convention San Diego Comics 2009. Zoe Saldana plays Neytiri, a native inhabitant of Pandora is forced to educate as Jake Sully Na’vi and who eventually ends up in love. Like all Na’vi was created using the method of motion capture and computer generated. Sigourney Weaver plays Dr. Grace Augustine, a botanist who in turn is a mentor to Jake Sully in the project Avatar. At first it was called Shipley, referring to Ellen Ripley, Weaver played the character in a film of James Cameron: Aliens (1986).The actress, who dyed red hair for the role, stated that Dr. Grace Augustine reminded James Cameron himself, being “very stubborn and idealistic.” Stephen Lang plays the Colonel Quaritch, military commander project and responsible for security of the base.Lang had auditioned for the role of Cameron in Aliens who did not get it, but reminded the actor and director chose him to Avatar. Michelle Rodriguez appears as Trudy Chacon, a helicopter pilot who has two years part of the military corps based in Pandora and ends up becoming a renegade Na’vi to help in the fight to preserve their lands. Cameron wanted to work with the actress after she saw it in the movie Girlfight ( 2000). Also included in the main cast actors Giovanni Ribisi, who plays Selfridge, a character from the passive-aggressive type who is in charge of the mission and make decisions under pressure from the military, Joel Moore in Norm role Spellman, an anthropologist who studies project Avatar plants, nature and life of Pandora, Matt Gerald as Corporal Lyle Wainfleet, and Laz Alonso as Tsu’tey, successor to the chief of the tribe.
1. What standards should be taken into account to make the construction of cameras We should note that only licensed and certified personnel must have access to the construction and maintenance of vaults and chambers to ensure complete safety. Proper handling and training by using appropriate tools and protective clothing to prevent accidents. It is important for the construction of chambers having an excellent infrastructure and good materials as a set of poles, cables, ducts, transformers, substations and equipment comprising the power distribution system to attack, must be certified by the corresponding entities self-control standard and quality.