the rays problem generated each year numerous deaths and lost millions in the industry each year. This meteorological phenomenon can not be controlled by existing systems of protection against lightning, in many cases, generating uncontrolled and irreversible pollution of the atmosphere and subsoil by fires and explosions. The sectors concerned are almost all, highlighting the oil sector and chemical, generating millions of dollars figures passed to the direct losses of production of the product or service throughout the chain of indirectly affected industry, contemplating stoppages and payable work stoppages. Accidents because of Ray, generate repairs valued at million euros according to insurance companies. According to the studies of accidents due to the beam by ARIA (Ministry of ecology, energy, sustainable development and Territorial Planning of France, as a reference for environmental contamination and lost materials millions inreplazables, June 22, of) 2007 exploded two tanks of gasoline from this refinery, by the indirect effects of lightning. The industry concerned was the refinery in Cadereyta de PEMEX in Mexico.
Lightning caused a fire that consumed approximately 200,000 liters of primary gasoline, only the costs of repair exceeded 172 million 588 thousand 681 pesos (10.177.987 Euros) these costs were only the affected areas perimeter of tanks affected by the fire, rehabilitation of integration lines, lighting, instrumentation and systems of fire protection of these tanks. This type of accident is repeated every year in other refineries as missed reference human, personal sequels, direct and indirect, loss of irreplaceable materials, environmental pollution and total stop of production and loss of jobs, we can mention the accident of the Porta flour mill in Huesca, Spain day on April 14, 2005. The study data and Eastside of accidents because of lightning in the industry according to ARIA, they reflect an obvious needs of the risk directly related to rays. Graph 1. The following table, is the summary of accidents of rays in the industry based on their typology. .